President Erdogan delivering a press statement (Reuters/Presidential Press Service via AP)

With every day, and from both sides of my intelligence, the moral and the intellectual, I thus drew steadily nearer to that truth, by whose partial discovery I have been doomed to such a dreadful shipwreck: that man is not truly one, but truly two.”

Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, p.76

Three months ago, I remember creating a new document to write on Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s new reform agenda and reflect my optimism about a possible rapprochement with the West. Joe Biden’s election signalled that the new US foreign policy would promote good relations with…


“You can’t be neutral on a moving train”

- Howard Zinn

Former Ethiopian PM Hailemariam Desalegn and Li Keqiang signing bilaretal cooperation agreements in 2017. Photo Source: AP

Ethiopia has always been regarded as the manifestation of the independent African spirit. This stems from its unique culture and status as a never colonised country. But more importantly, following the downfall of the Marxist Derg regime in 1991, Ethiopia started to pursue an independent foreign policy and became disinterested in regional power struggles. This allowed the country to maintain good relations with all global powers, which encouraged an unprecedented foreign direct investment (FDI) and aid inflow. Yet, the worsening US-China tug of war, power struggles along the Nile…


Russian Endgame in Nagorno-Karabakh: What Can Georgia and Ukraine Teach Us?

A peacekeeper supervising civilian evacuation near Dadivank monastery © Andrey Borodulin/AFP/Getty

“For to win one hundred victories in one hundred battles is not the acme of skill. To subdue the enemy without fighting is the acme of skill.”

- Sun Tzu, The Art of War, Chapter 3

This opinion paper tries to penetrate Russian policy in the recent Nagorno-Karabakh conflict by drawing parallels between recent Russian interventions in Georgia and Ukraine. I maintain that before the Russian interventions, Georgia and Ukraine shared many characteristics which can be summarized by the following four points:

  1. They were Post-Soviet states with specific invaluable…


Following press statement from US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo on December 14, 2020 marked an epoch in the Turkey — US relations:

“Today, the United States is imposing sanctions on the Republic of Turkey’s Presidency of Defense Industries (SSB) pursuant to Section 231 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) for knowingly engaging in a significant transaction with Rosoboronexport, Russia’s main arms export entity, by procuring the S-400 surface-to-air missile system.”

To put it in a nutshell, the new sanctions prevent SSB from 1) acquiring American goods and technology, and 2) expanding its credit from financial institutions…

Ömer Özgen

MSc Economics for Development @UniofOxford pre: @UniBogazici @RobertCollege Fav Book: The Sorrows of Young Werther

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